How to psychoanalyze someone with questions? psycho analysis is a method of explaining and treating mental and emotional disorders by having the patient talk freely about himself or herself and especially about dreams, problems, and early childhood memories and experiences.
Psychoanalysis is a type of therapy that aims to release pent-up or repressed emotions and memories in or to lead the client to catharsis, or healing (McLeod, 2014). In other words, the goal of psychoanalysis is to bring what exists at the unconscious or subconscious level up to consciousness.
This goal is accomplished through talking to another person about the big questions in life, the things that matter, and diving into the complexities that lie beneath the simple-seeming surface.
Read also: Tips for Finding the Right Therapist
Method and Techniques to Psycho analyze Someone
A psychoanalyst can use many different techniques, but there are four basic components that comprise modern psychoanalysis:
- Transference analysis;
- Technical neutrality;
- Countertransference analysis.
Interpretation is the verbal communication between analysts and clients in which analysts discuss their hypotheses of their clients’ unconscious conflicts.
Generally, analysts will help clients see the defensive mechanisms they are using and the context of the defensive mechanisms, or the impulsive relationship against which the mechanism was developed, and finally the client’s motivation for this mechanism (Kernberg, 2016).
There are three classifications of interpretation:
- Clarification, in which the analyst attempts to clarify what is going on in the patient’s consciousness;
- Confrontation, which is bringing nonverbal aspects of the client’s behavior into his or her awareness;
- Interpretation proper, which refers to the analyst’s proposed hypothesis of the unconscious meaning that relates all the aspects of the client’s communication with one another (Kernberg, 2016).
2. Transference Analysis
Transference is the term for the unconscious repetition in the “here and now” of conflicts from the client’s past. Transference analysis refers to “the systematic analysis of the transference implications of the patient’s total verbal and nonverbal manifestations in the hours as well as the c patient’s direct and implicit communicative efforts to influence the analyst in a certain direction” (Kernberg, 2016).
This analysis of the patient’s transference is an essential component of psychoanalysis and is the main driver of change in treatment.
In transference analysis, the analyst takes note of all communication, both verbal and nonverbal, the client engages in and puts together a theory on what led to the defensive mechanisms he or she displays. That theory forms the basis for any attempts to change the behavior or character of the client.
3. Technical Neutrality
Another vital piece of psychoanalysis is what is known as technical neutrality, or the commitment of the analyst to remain neutral and avoid taking sides in the client’s internal conflicts; the analyst strives to remain at an equal distance from the client’s id, ego, and superego, and from the client’s external reality.
Additionally, technical neutrality demands that the analyst refrains from imposing his or her value systems upon the client (Kernberg, 2016).
Technical neutrality is sometimes considered indifference or disinterest in the client, but that is not the goal; rather, analysts aim to serve as a mirror for their clients, reflecting clients’ own characteristics, assumptions, and behaviors back at them to aid in their understanding of themselves.
This final key component of psychoanalysis is the analysis of countertransference, the analyst’s reactions to clients and the material they present in sessions. According to Kernberg:
“contemporary view of countertransference is that of a complex formation codetermined by the analyst’s reaction to the patient’s transference, to the reality of the patient’s life, to the reality of the analyst’s life, and to specific transference dispositions activated in the analyst as a reaction to the patient and his/her material”
Countertransference analysis can be generally understood as the analyst’s attempts to analyze their own reactions to the client, whatever form they take.
To engage in psychoanalytic treatment, the analyst must see the client objectively and understand the transference happening in the client and in their own experience.
How to Psychoanalyze Someone with Questions
Deep discussion have become really popular recently. Basically, this is something like a one-on-one philosophical conversation between friends. But nowadays, deep discussions have become a totally new way of communication that helps people get to know each other better.
There are nine interesting questions that can make your partner in conversation get involved in a discussion about things they’ve probably never thought of before. These questions require detailed answers, so “yes” and “no” replies won’t work. And still, there are no correct answers. But as we all know, sometimes a good question is already an answer.
And remember, you shouldn’t ask these questions to a person you are afraid to be disappointed in.
- Would you open an envelope that has the date of your death inside? With the answer to this question, you might understand a person’s level of fatalism and their attitude to life in general.
- Would you be friends with yourself? Here you can figure out a person’s self-esteem, their strengths and weaknesses, and how interesting they are.
- If you could see a measuring scale above people’s heads, what would you want this scale to measure? Their status in society, their level of happiness, their wealth, etc.? With the answer to this question, you will be able to understand a person’s values and priorities.
- What do you do differently from other people? Here, you can understand a person’s self-esteem, their sense of humor, the level of craziness in them, and how unique their personality is.
- If your partner never finds out that you accidentally cheated on them, would you tell them about it? The answer indicates a person’s moral standards and their attitude toward other people.
- Do you ever get the feeling that the current day has been repeated 100 times? With the answer to this question, you might understand how a person lives their life and whether their life is meaningful to them or not.
- If women and men lived on 2 different planets what would happen to both of these planets? Here you can understand whether this person is inclined to stereotypic thinking or how logical they are.
- If you commit a crime to feed your hungry child, are you a bad person or did you commit the crime out of necessity? Again, this will show a person’s moral standards and their attitude toward their family.
- If happiness was money, what would your job be? Here you can understand a person’s hopes and dreams, and what they feel like they are missing in their life.
There are so many other questions and dilemmas. You can even use them as entertainment at a party or as a way to get to know a person better.
Which questions would you ask a person that you’re interested in?